There is a widely held belief that individuals with developmental disabilities (DDs) are insensitive to pain/discomfort or have a high-threshold…
Also referred to as autism spectrum disorder, this developmental disorder appears early in a person’s life.
The current version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) includes a single diagnosis, autism spectrum disorder, for all of autism. This diagnosis emphasizes “deficits in social communication and social interaction” and “restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities.” Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) replaces the DSM-IV category of pervasive developmental disorders (PDDs) and the specific diagnoses of autistic disorder, Asperger’s disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS).
To see the DSM-5 definitions of autism spectrum disorder and social (pragmatic) communication disorder, please click here.